4 Cost of sales

20082009Figures in million20092008
SA Rands US Dollars
17,15118,844Cash operating costs (1)2,2772,081
(480)(772)By-products (note 3)(94)(58)
16,67118,072 2,1832,023
634699Royalties8478
100134Other cash costs1612
17,40518,905Total cash costs2,2832,113
72110Retrenchment costs (note 10)149
218182Rehabilitation and other non-cash costs2228
17,69519,197Production costs2,3192,150
4,6204,615Amortisation of tangible assets (notes 9, 16 and 33)555560
2118Amortisation of intangible assets (notes 17 and 33)22
22,33623,830Total production costs2,8762,712
222(610)Inventory change(63)16
22,55823,220 2,8132,728
  (1) Cash operating costs comprises:  
5,9026,747 salaries and wages815718
4,7365,316 stores and other consumables638574
3,6843,019 fuel, power and water363448
2,5162,971 contractors358305
313791 services and other charges10336
17,15118,844 2,2772,081